ROSE CASTLE TIMELINE

Explore the years ...

The Rose Castle

Timeline

1133

King Henry I founded the Diocese of Carlisle

1230

Henry III gave to Bishop Walter Mauclerk the manor of Dalston and site of Rose

1300

Bishop John Halton entertained King Edward I and Queen Margaret at Rose

1314

Edward Bruce, brother of King Robert of Scotland, occupied Rose for three days

1322

King Robert the Bruce burnt the bishop's manor at Rose

1336

Bishop John Kirkby granted a licence by the king to fortify his manor at Rose

1337

The Scots burnt Bishop John Kirkby's manor at Rose

1355

Bishop Gilbert Welton granted another licence to fortify his manor at Rose

1355

Bishop Gilbert began building Rose Castle as a border fortress

1400-19

Bishop William Strickland rebuilt Strickland Tower

1488-9

Bishop Richard Bell built Bell's Tower and the adjacent first floor chapel

1522-4

Archbishop John Kite built Kite's Tower and rebuilt the gatehouse & east range

1577

Lord Scope, Lord of the Western Marches, commandeered Rose during a vacancy

1642

Bishop Barnaby Potter died at Rose; he had no successor at Rose until 1660

1648

Rose Castle was attacked, captured and partially burnt by Parliamentary troops

1650

Rose Castle and Linstock were bought by the parliamentarian William Heveningham

1653-4

Heveningham used the builder Alexander Pogmore to rebuild parts of the west range

1660

At the Restoration of monarchy, Church & episcopate, Richard Sterne appointed bishop

1664

Bishop Richard Sterne appointed Archbp of York; Edward Rainbow appointed bishop

1671

Thomas Machell drew plan of Rose Castle in Bp Rainbow's dispute with Archbishop

1672-5

Bishop Rainbow restored parts of Rose Castle using William Thackeray as builder

1673

Lady Anne Clifford presented the lock and key to Bishop Edward Rainbow

1684

Bishop Thomas Smith uses architect Thos Machell to build Smith's Tower and other work

1739

Bucks' print of Rose Castle was published

1745

Jacobite raiding party led by Donald McDonald at Rose Castle in second Jacobite rising

1750s

Bishop Richard Osbaldeston repaired the castle & reduced the height of the mantle wall

1760s

Bishop Charles Lyttelton built a new kitchen, and repaired and roofed Strickland Tower

1770s

Bishop Edmund Law lowered the wall between Bell's Tower and Strickland Tower

1796

Bishop Venables-Vernon cut a passage from the hallway to the base of Bell's Tower

1828-30

Bishop Hugh Percy remodelled and enlarged Rose using the architect Thomas Rickman

1852

Bishop Hugh Percy fully restored Strickland Tower using the architect Anthony Salvin

1870s

Bishop Harvey Goodwin put stained glass into chapel windows, and provided an organ

1912

Canon James Wilson published his 'Rose Castle'

1938

Mains water put into Rose Castle by Bishop Herbert Williams

1942

War-time fuel shortages make Bishop Williams vacate Rose and move to Stanwix in Carlisle

1942-5

The Ministry of Aircraft Production used Rose Castle as a store

1952

Church Commissioners take over ownership of Rose Castle from the Bishop of Carlisle and rent it to him

1953-4

The former kitchen at Rose demolished and new south front and new kitchen created

1955

Bishop Thomas Bloomer and family moved from Birkby House, Stanwix, to Rose Castle

1967-8

Bishop Cyril Bulley restored the interior of chapel and redecorated the drawing room

1993

Bishop Ian Harland put electricity into Strickland Tower and reopened door of Kite's Tower

2009

Rose Castle no longer bishops' residence; Bishop James Newcome housed in Keswick

2013

David Weston's 'Rose Castle & Bishops of Carlisle, 1133-2012' published by CWAAS

2016

The Rose Castle Company bought Castle from the Church Commissioners for use by Rose Castle Foundation and other groups